Fear as well as other emotions are necessary in the learning process of children in their development. Therefore, they are experiences that occur in a natural and normal way during their evolution.
Depending on the stage the child is in, the fears will be different, some of them will be the same but with different intensity and others will be overcome. Fears are experienced individually and personally according to the child's temperament.
At this stage of development, fears such as:
- The fear of death: from the age of five or six the child begins to be more aware of what death means. It is a stage where the child asks many questions to understand it.
- Fear of white coats: also called latrophobia, it is a very common fear in children to visit the doctor and, in general, everything related to hospitals.
It is especially disturbing in children who are around 5 years old. For them it is a threat to their well-being, by associating it with pain, fear of strangers, fear of separation because for some tests they must be alone, etc.
- The fear of the dark: continues that classic fear that begins to be observed after two years. This is a type of adaptive fear for them has been varying throughout their development so it is normal that it continues to appear. They continue to associate darkness with loneliness and abandonment.
- The fear of being separated from the parents: this fear appeared when the child was only six months old. It was evolving and intensifying when he was two years old. At this stage this fear continues to persist. Above all we can see it when the separation occurs when going to school.
- Fear of animals: it is a fear that disappears progressively, and that a common unjustified fear of animals began from the beginning of about two years Where any animal is the object of fear, being the most common, like dogs and cats, the most feared.
- The fear of imaginary or real characters such as thieves: we observe this type of fear from the time we are three years old. The imagination plays tricks on him and this means that after having seen a movie or listened to a story he can see imaginary creatures such as monsters or ghosts.
Already at this age he will associate it with characters with a more real character, because the child is more conscious and makes more associations. Imagination, fear of imaginary beings, fear of strangers and your evolving cognitive level enter the shaker.
The normal thing is that each child learns to overcome fears in due course. Parental help is essential to avoid stagnation or escalation.
If these persist into adulthood, even with the help of parents, consultation with an expert is recommended.
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