There are no intelligent children and others who are not. In fact, when our children are small and we see them handling the cell phone or the computer, we believe that they are the most intelligent in the universe.
Then we find out that the neighbors' children do more or less the same thing, and we begin to doubt their ability a little. And if when we get to school the teacher tells us that she has difficulties in reading or mathematics, our soul falls to the ground. The reality is that all children are intelligent, what happens is that there are multiple intelligences But the western world tends to value only what has to do with cognitive aspects, which is in fact what the famous IQ measures: IQ.
Dr. Ariel Gold and Lic. Alicia Gómez in their recently published book "Psychoeducation 2" (Planet) explain that the traditional concept of intelligence is too limited and that it is good to detect that which each boy possesses to encourage and stimulate it, both from home and from schools. This is a brief description of each of those cited by the authors.
1. Logical-mathematical intelligence: This type of intelligence is the one possessed by people who have a great capacity to solve problems using deductive and inductive reasoning. In children it is manifested through the ability to play strategy games such as checkers and chess, the construction of puzzles and questions about how things work. These children are quick to learn addition and subtraction and have no trouble learning math.
2. Linguistic intelligence: People with linguistic intelligence have great ability to communicate using the word. They manage to understand when they read, interpret and synthesize with ease. It is probable that as greats they are teachers, writers, they work in the media. As children they manifest this intelligence by reading stories, speaking or writing better than other children their age, playing word games such as crosswords, boggle, etc.
3. Naturalistic intelligence and scientific thought: Children with this intelligence love to play with plants and animals, classify them, investigate. They like to do experiments, compare and classify objects and are very curious. As adults this intelligence is possessed by biologists and doctors for example who love to understand the natural world. They must be encouraged to discover on their own and encourage contact with nature.
4. Visuospatial intelligence: It is the intelligence possessed by those who can move easily in the environment. It is about the ability to use symbolic systems, spatial reasoning, visual recognition, projection, ease of use of maps and diagrams. Children with this type of intelligence are imaginative, they enjoy artistic activities, they prefer everything that has to do with the visual. They are good at treasure hunts, building in the sand for example.
5. Kinesthetic body intelligence: The great athletes, among them many soccer players, have this intelligence since they involve their entire body in their actions. They utilize and unite mind and body for perfect physical performance. Children with this type of intelligence tend to excel in sports, they have good motor coordination, they like manual activities and putting things together and taking things apart. Girls can dance for hours in front of the mirror. They may seem restless because it is difficult for them to sit for many hours in one place.
6. Musical intelligence: It refers to the ability to appreciate and express musical forms, as well as to be sensitive to rhythm and tones. Boys with this type of intelligence usually play a musical instrument, they sing to themselves, they often beat the objects rhythmically. They can also dance to music.
7. Social intelligence: This intelligence refers to the ability to relate to others. It is divided in turn into two types: intrapersonal intelligence that is the ability to have knowledge about oneself and interpersonal intelligence that has to do with relationships with others. Intra-personal ability is manifested in children in the ability to express their emotions and learn from their successes and failures, for example. While those who have interpersonal intelligence are very empathetic, mediate conflicts between other boys, they are usually group leaders. They are those boys who are called sociable, who have no problem staying with strangers, playing with other children they did not know, etc.
All children have some kind of intelligence and if they grow up convinced of it, tomorrow they will have the possibility of finding a career path based on their abilities that will make them happy. Parents must observe and detect that of our children and encourage them to use it, because knowing that they are good at something strengthens their self-esteem. Unfortunately, in schools there is a tendency to give much more importance to one type of intelligence than to others, therefore it is the parents who must support the children and strengthen them in those talents with which they were blessed. And above all explain to them that nobody is good at EVERYTHING, but neither is nobody good at ANYTHING.
Source: Gold, Ariel and Gómez Alicia. Psychoeducation 2. Some keys to understand how our students learn. Montevideo, Ed. Planeta, October 2016.
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