One year old
If we decide to give crayons to a one-year-old child, we will certainly witness the first, uncoordinated attempts at drawing. The crayon or marker will be captured with the whole handle, and attempts to create something with their participation will be sweeping and not yet fully controlled. The toddler is not able to focus at this stage on a small piece of paper, so he often draws on what is around.
One and a half year baby
Drawing still remains a dynamic activity whose task is not to map reality, but to express itself in the very process of "creation". The child draws once with his right hand, once with his left hand or always the same.
With each month, however, the child learns the art of firmly holding and directing the crayon so that the resulting lines and hinges do not go beyond the white paper area, but instead fall on it (most often throughout its entire area).
Two to three years
During this period, the skill of drawing with intention appears. It is at this stage that children sit over a sheet of paper with the intention of creating a specific drawing: drawing an important object, thing or object. They also often ask parents and loved ones to draw the object / person they are asking for, observe the entire drawing process and stare at the effect of the work for a long time.
At the beginning of this period, the child draws more and more lines of me. They can be divided into several categories: long zigzags, short lines directed in different directions (created after taking the hand off the paper), spirals and swirls - the beginnings of the first wheels. Next, during creation, the toddler begins to speak aloud and even repeat what he is currently creating. It happens that he quickly abandons one idea and moves on to the next, creating another drawing on one "work".
How does a preschooler draw?
One three-year-old will happily spend minutes and even hours on a sheet of paper with a thoughtful face, sketching pictures, another will not show interest in this direction. It's very natural. Children, like adults, differ in temperament and like to spend time in different ways.
Despite this, it is worth encouraging children to draw and create pictures, because in this way they prepare a handle for writing and manual work, which they will have to face in kindergarten and school.
The child knows how to hold a crayon (often, however, with the whole hand - it is worth showing the toddler how to do it correctly). He can also draw a closed circle (of course not from a compass). In addition, he can imitate the drawing direction: vertically, horizontally. He usually draws with colored pencils to catch his hand. Sometimes it can create recognizable elements: shapes, flowers, a house. Everything is extremely simple.
Cephalopods, i.e. characters resembling people, often appear in the pictures: having a circle - head and lines as legs and hands.
How do four-year-olds draw?
Four-year-olds should already hold the pencil properly. The child can create the first simple characters: houses, sunshine, car. He selects different colors, creating colorful drawings. Usually, he also copes well with coloring books, getting better at drawing exactly those areas that are to be colored.
The child describes the created pictures. Often, however, when drawing, he changes his mind and creates something different from what he originally intended. At this stage, you can see clear differences between drawings created by children of the same age. You can assess who is painting better and who is worse.
Usually you can easily assess what is in the drawing. You do not need additional tips from the outside to notice the individual elements in the picture. The drawings also show more and more details: the toddler draws a nose, eyes and even colorful leaves on the tree. Children create forms more and more created for previously impossible to reproduce figures: squares, triangles.
What will the drawing tell us?
The child's drawing often reflects his state of mind, he is like a litmus paper, which tells us what the toddler is currently experiencing, what he is afraid of and what makes him happy. This is not only entertainment, but learning shapes, colors, an attempt to segregate previously acquired knowledge. It's also an incentive to focus by focusing on the goal.
People who are most important to the child are drawn as the largest. The less important ones take up less space, and those with which they have a "problem" can be bypassed in the process of painting. There is a known principle that it is often much easier to draw something than to write ...