Today, two basic views dominate. The first is that children with ADHD have a problem with brain disorders that arise at various stages of development: during pregnancy, after delivery due to an accident, or due to encephalitis.
The second is that children with ADHD are no different from their peers, but are louder, which is why they have problems with accepting their surroundings more often.
There are other views that suggest that ADHD is to be developed by strict, restrictive upbringing, especially in combination with punishment, and on the other hand inconsistency that prevents the child from learning how to regulate behavior. Recent studies, however, prove the weakness of theories based on such views. It is known today that parents are not guilty of the fact that their child has ADHD.
Attention! Not every child who has a great need for physical activity has ADHD!
Studies have shown that the onset of ADHD may be associated with inheritance of a predisposition to hyperactivity. If, in the extended family, there was a problem, children are more likely to have it even five to seven times. In turn, if one of the parents fought ADHD, the risk of ADHD increases to 50%.
The lack of attention, characteristic of children with ADHD, is more widely described as being easily distracted, the problem of completing initiated actions, making mindless mistakes. Other problems include problems with listening, following instructions, frequent forgetting about chores, including housework, being late.
On the other hand, the lack of attention is current in relation to activities that the child is not interested in or boring. Those that are liked can pull in for a long time and make a child with ADHD can't see the world outside of them.
ADHD is also hyperactivity, that is, a problem with getting out of place, constant fidgeting, the need for continuous speaking and not closing the mouth, trouble with tasks performed in silence. Some looking at the child from the side, have the impression that it is driven by some external force, or as it is often called "motor", "motor".
Hyperactivity is an unrestricted desire to comment, the inability to remain silent when the situation requires it. This feature is associated with the inability to wait for your turn, as well as impulsiveness, i.e. action without reflection. Children with ADHD are very emotional and resistant to routine activities.
Is it really ADHD?
A common mistake when diagnosing ADHD is to talk about it in terms of one environment, for example at school. Meanwhile, it is very important in the diagnosis to obtain evidence that the child is not able to function properly in MORE than one environment (usually at home and at school). It is necessary to collect detailed information from the child, parents, child's peers, teachers.
That's not all, the behavior described above must persist for at least 6 months and should not subside depending on mood, day and interest from the environment.
In addition, before ADHD is diagnosed, it is necessary to conduct thorough examinations that allow you to exclude any other abnormality (e.g. diseases with similar symptoms: sonic diseases, e.g. allergies, liver diseases, overactive liver, hearing damage, vision defects, epilepsy). The tests should be carried out by a qualified specialist to avoid any errors in this area.
When can you recognize ADHD?
Although scientists emphasize that behavioral changes that suggest ADHD are already noticeable in infants (they are characterized mainly by sleep disturbances, shallow sleep, easy awakening), increased physical activity, lively gestures, they can actually be diagnosed in a school-age child at least six years old. More significant signals that can be observed even in preschool age are speech development delay, stuttering, difficulties in correctly articulating sounds. However, due to the fact that attention and concentration mature up to 6-7 years of age, finding ADHD before this time is so difficult that it is virtually impossible.
Diagnosis of ADH is very difficult. It requires a lot of experience from the doctor and cooperation between child carers on many levels.
How often does it occur?
Research suggests that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder occurs in 10-12% of children, more often in boys than girls. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with attention deficit disorder is a serious problem today, but we know more about it every year by learning how to treat it.