What do your petechiae look like?
Petechia on the skin or mucous membranes in a child (otherwise petocje) They can have red, purple or dark red. They are usually 3-4 millimeters. There may be several of them, it also happens that they cover a larger area of the body.
There is a simple way to distinguish ecchymosis from rashes. Just press the skin surface, if the changes do not fade, they are petechiae.
Whenever you notice petechia on your child's skin, you should see a doctor to diagnose their cause. Don't underestimate the problem.
Where do petechiae come from?
Petechia in a child is the result of increased pressure in the capillaries and, as a consequence, the erythrocyte penetration through the walls of the vessels.
Where can petechia appear in a child?
- around the eyes (due to crying, vomiting or coughing), face,
- around the ankles, hands,
- on the stomach, chest,
- less often all over the child's body.
What are the reasons?
Petechia is caused by blood extravasation.
- excessive effort, crying, vomiting, coughing,
- taking some medicines
- skin abrasions, injuries,
- problems with blood clotting
- hemorrhagic fever
- endocarditis (except petechia, nodules and other changes),
- vitamin C deficiency
Petechia occurs in many autoimmune diseases:
- celiac disease,
- systemic lupus erythematosus,
- Henoch-Schoenlein disease (petechia occurs mainly on the buttocks and lower legs)
- Kawasaki diseases,
- Sjögren's syndrome,
- Ehlres-Danlos disease.
Petechia appeared on the child's skin, what to do?
If petechia accompanies fever, weakness, other disturbing symptoms, get medical help immediately. All acute reactions and increasing symptoms require medical consultation.
If petechiae have recurrent character, and the child's condition is generally good, additional symptoms should be observed. You can also do blood count (with coagulation time and thrombocyte count) and with results go to the doctor. Skin changes can be a signal chronic diseases.
If petechiae were the result of abrasions or injuries, they disappear by themselves after a few days, without leaving a trace.