When a child starts to speak ... It's a long process
Today, no one doubts that reading pregnant aloud, talking to an unborn baby, singing lullabies - makes sense. It's not just about creating a bond with your baby, but about stimulating speech development. It is a process that lasts nearly two years, and then is subject to improvement.
Long before the child speaks his first words, learns the rules of the language, observes how adults communicate. Skills development also takes place at the level palate, lips, tongue and growing teeth - all these elements allow you to speak the first sounds and then the words.
It starts with screams, sighs, then the child starts babble, usually says the first words between one and 18 months of age, and then up to the age of two, usually the first sentences. Sometimes this process is extended over time and the first words appear only before the age of three. The differences between children can be significant. some two-year-olds speak a lot, other single words. Usually, within a dozen or so months, these disparities become blurred.
Read the speech of a two-year-old.
When a child starts to speak ... It has to train
To start talking the child must first be able to understand the cognitive dimension of simple spoken language. Next, the baby must learn to express his ideas verbally, and in the meantime must develop sound extraction skills - in which a well-trained speech apparatus helps.
Can't wait for the first longed-for words to finally come out?
According to research conducted by scientists from Stanford University and published in "Psychological Science" in 2013, young children who have contact with a living, rich language, hear a lot of words, have more vocabulary and better language skills later. That is why it is worth talking to children, even when they do not suit us - read aloud even "adult" magazines, newspapers, books, speak in full sentences, do not diminish unnecessarily, speak and listen at the same time.
When the child begins to speak - from the tummy to a few-year-old
There is no definite answer to the question when a child begins to speak. A lot depends on individual characteristics, from the environment in which the child grows up. Most often this process looks like this:
- in the uterus - already in the womb the child's communication abilities are developing. The unborn baby learns about his body and surroundings. One of the factors stimulating speech development are the sounds that reach the uterus,
- from birth to 3 months of age - initially the child communicates through crying, then the repertoire is much larger - the baby sighs, moans, grimaces.
- from 4 to 6 months of age - the child starts chatting, combines vowels and consonants, already at this stage the first "mom", "dad", "baba" may appear, which undoubtedly has a soothing effect, but unfortunately it is spoken unconsciously and without connecting these words with close people. The child experiments with voice, tries to scream, squeak and make other strange sounds,
- from 7 to 12 months - when a child babbles and vocalizes it may sound as if it were "talking", you can have the impression that it makes sense that the toddler is already building the first sentences,
- 13-18 months old - the child usually says the first words and knows what they mean. He can play with his tone, testing what he can achieve by modulating his voice.
- 19-24 months - a child usually says less than 50 words, but can understand a lot. The toddler repeats a lot, he can also combine words and try to put together the first sentences,
- 25-36 months old - speech development is progressing. The child understands everything properly, begins to build sentences, uses more and more words.
Between 2 and 3 years old speech development is progressing dynamically. The toddler is very sensitive to stimulation in this respect. At this stage, he usually becomes a real talker and repeats with pleasure, shares his feelings and experiences.
How to support speech development in a child?
First of all, keep calm, watch your toddler and if in doubt consult a pediatrician. Do not be afraid of a speech therapist if the speech development process is clearly delayed. Early intervention is better than postponing it.
In addition, pay attention to: