Head louse - the most important information
Pediculus capitis is a head louse a parasite that lives only on the scalp of a person's head, feeds on his blood. The size of an adult does not exceed 2-3 mm. It attacks people of all ages, but most often girls with longer hair. It can occur at any time, because it shows no seasonal variation.
Head louse is transmitted only through direct contact. For the invasion of lice, it is necessary to spend longer periods of time accompanied by an insane person or to use their comb or hat. So let's not panic, brief contact with such a person is not dangerous for us!
However, once the invasion occurs, the lice begin to multiply. An adult individual lives about 1 month. Every night, the female lays several eggs at the base of the hair ripen after 6-9 days. Empty shells remain attached to the hair (so-called nits). During puberty, the pupa (i.e. the young louse) undergoes the molting process three times. After she reaches puberty, the female is ready for breeding.
Diagnosis of head lice
Primarily it must be ascertained whether there are live lice on the child's head. The easiest way is to comb wet or damp hair with a metal comb with densely set teeth over a light piece of paper. If there are live lice on the head, one or more will be visible on paper.
if not we find live lice, headaches may also indicate the existence of head lice. It is caused by an allergic reaction of the scalp to the saliva of lice. However, this symptom occurs only in 1/3 of people with head lice. It can be a sign of other diseases, e.g. dandruff, psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis.
Selected preparations for lice
Paranite, medicinal shampoo to eliminate lice and nits, 100ml - price around PLN 33
The preparation contains mineral oil, foaming agents and fragrance.
The shampoo eliminates lice and nits by depriving them of air supply and causing dehydration while washing hair.
The product should be evenly distributed on dry hair and scalp. Massage thoroughly without forgetting the skin behind the ears and above the neck. Then leave the preparation on the hair for 10 minutes. After this time, the hair should be moistened with a small amount of water so that the shampoo begins to foam. Wash and rinse your hair thoroughly. Before drying, comb your hair thoroughly with a special thick comb. The treatment should be repeated after 7 days.
Preparation for children over 2 years old.
Lotion paranite, liquid, 100ml - price around PLN 25
The preparation contains mineral oil and dimethicone. It works by smothering and drying lice and nits.
Lioton is applied directly to dry hair, from root to tip and on the scalp. The preparation should then be thoroughly massaged, paying particular attention to the neck and skin behind the ears. Then leave it for 15 minutes. After this time, wash your hair with a special Paranit shampoo or ordinary shampoo and rinse thoroughly. Wash again if necessary. Before drying your hair, brush it thoroughly with a thick comb to remove all lice and nits. Regularly clean the comb to remove any lice or nits. Repeat the treatment after 7 days.
Preparation for children over 2 years old.
Hedrin, solution for head lice, 100 ml - price around PLN 32
The preparation contains a solution of 4% dimethicone and cyclomethicone 5.
Hedrin disrupts the water management of parasites and blocks their breathing holes. Thanks to this, the lice are strangled and the nits are dried.
The product should be evenly distributed over dry hair, covering the entire scalp. Leave the solution on your head for a minimum of 8 hours or overnight. Wash your hair with ordinary shampoo, rinse thoroughly with water and dry. It should be remembered that Hedrin solution must be used again after 7 days to remove any lice that may hatch during this time. No second application may result in head lice recurrence.
Preparation for children over 6 months of age.
SORA Forte shampoo 50ml - price around PLN 16
The shampoo contains permethrin, which is insecticidal.
The product should be applied to previously wet hair and spread evenly. Rub gently until a rich foam is obtained. Leave for about 10 minutes. Rinse hair with water and thoroughly comb with the attached comb.
Preparation for children over 3 years old.
Delacet, liquid, 100 ml - price around PLN 8
The preparation contains tincture of milk thistle and acetic acid.
Hair should be moistened generously with Delacet fluid, tied with a kerchief or foil and left for 2-3 hours. Then thoroughly wash your hair with water and comb with a thick comb.
The preparation should not be used in the case of wounds or inflammation on the scalp.
There is no information from which year of life the preparation can be used in children.
NOTE: unpleasant smell !!!