Meanwhile, brushing teeth, we can see blood on the brush, the problem may also be hypersensitivity to temperature changes (noticeable when eating hot and cold meals) and many others.
And all the blame for hormones ...
Pregnancy hormones have a bad effect on gums. Like other mucous membranes, they become swollen, red, and prone to bleeding.
Unfortunately, that's not all. Pregnancy hormones also increase tooth susceptibility to dental plaque and bacteria. This does not mean that future pregnant women are doomed to caries, but that the risk of developing it is much higher. In a short time, the condition of the teeth can worsen, which leads to gingivitis and tooth decay. Hence the saying that pregnancy destroys teeth.
It should be noted, however, that this is only partial truth. For caries to develop, you also need other factors: less care for hygiene: when you notice bleeding, many future mothers brush their teeth more gently, thus less accurately, worse eating habits (a large amount of simple carbohydrates in the diet). Therefore, so that the future mother does not worsen the condition of her teeth, she should carefully take care of oral hygiene, brushing her teeth preferably after each meal (especially a "sweet" meal).
How to avoid problems with teeth during pregnancy?
- brush your teeth regularly, remove dirt also from the tongue (using a brush), in this way you will fight the bacteria and give yourself a fresh breath,
- use fluoride toothpaste and dental floss,
- use a mouthwash that fights bacteria, sediment and protects gums and teeth,
- if you can't brush your teeth, chew gum after eating (especially one that contains xylitol to help fight tooth decay),
- if you do not have chewing gum on hand, reach for a piece of hard yellow cheese that will lower the acid reaction in your mouth, which is one of the causes of tooth decay,
- eat sticky sweets only when you can brush your teeth after them,
- make sure that your diet contains a lot of products rich in vitamin C, which strengthens the gums and reduces the risk of bleeding,
- pay attention to the amount of calcium in the diet. This ingredient is needed to maintain the health and good condition of the teeth,
- at least once during pregnancy go to the dentist for a dental checkup. It is worth taking care of removing scale that worsens the condition of your teeth and gums.
Periodontitis and pregnancy
If you suspect dental defects, make an appointment with your dentist. Don't wait until you give birth. Modern medicine associates dental diseases with many pregnancy complications. Untreated caries can be sources of infection that can have a negative effect on the developing fetus.
It's best to treat all the defects before you become pregnant. However, if you need to have a dental procedure after confirming your pregnancy, the good news is that most treatments can be done under local anesthesia. A dentist who knows about pregnancy will use anesthesia without vasoconstrictor drugs that are safe for the future mother and child.
Mild anesthesia can be used even in the first trimester. Some treatments can also be performed without anesthesia. A lot depends on the individual sensitivity of the patient. You can also use antibiotics if you are pregnant. Your doctor will recommend safe preparations from the penicillin category.
During pregnancy, you can use orthodontic procedures without any problems, for example by choosing a dental braces.
However, during pregnancy, do not do: